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1. Names:

Sanskrit: Shriisanjnan, Lavanga  
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English: Clove  
Botanical: Syzygium aromaticum  
Hindi: Lavang, Laung  
Telugu: Lavnagamu, Lavangalu  
Common names:  Urdu Loung
Tamil: Graambu, Krambu, Karambu, Marathi: Lavang
Malayalam: Grampu, Krambu, Lavanga
Kannada: Krambu, Lavanga Hindi Laung, Lavang,
Gujarati: Lavang
German: Nelke, Gewürznelke
Bengali: Lavanga, Labango
Family name: Myrtaceae  

2. Parts used:

  • Flower buds

3. Properties and Action According to Indigenous Medical Systems:

  • Rasa: Spicy and sweet.
  • Veerya: Ushna veerya.
  • Vipaka: Katu.

4. Uses:


  • It is carminative, aromatic, antispasmodic, expectorant and stimulant in nature when take internally.
  • Externally it is rubefacient, local anaesthetic and antiseptic.
  • Stimulates and raises blood pressure, skin, salivary glands, kidneys, liver and bronchial mucous membranes.
  • Good for digestion.
  • It clears gastric and intestinal disorders.
  • It helps in the case of spasm.
  • When applied as paste it relives head ache, coryza.
  • If we take orally it acts like oral antiseptic and stimulant to the throat.
  • Soothens throat.
  • It is used in combination with sugar to promote expectoration from the lungs.

5. Names due to Physical properties:

  • Surabhi valkala: With good smell.

6. Names due to Medical properties:

  • Balya: Gives strength.

7. Reference:

Vasthu guna deepika, Vasthu guna prakashika, Chakradatta, Susrutam, Basabarajeezam, Bhavaprakashika, Vangacena, Charakasamhita, Vagvatamu, Hareetasamhita, Srijanakalpavalli.

8. Caution:

Adverse reactions: In large doses, it is an irritant.

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